During his travels to Italy, Bishop Jan Lubrański, who lived at the turn of the 16th century, developed a fascination with Renaissance culture. He chose to bring it to Poland, starting with Cathedral Island. There, the Bishop founded an academy which became Poland’s first institution to offer a humanities-oriented curriculum. The school taught its students to become informed citizens committed to the affairs of their state.
Jan Lubrański sought to establish a centre of culture and science on Cathedral Island. He brought well-educated people to his Bishop’s court and amassed a large library. He also modernised the Island by building waterworks, paving streets, redesigning its cathedral and modifying its defensive walls. The Bishop was buried in the Poznań Cathedral, which still holds his tombstone. The Academy building currently houses the Archdiocese Museum, which contains the sword of St. Peter. This weapon has the longest recorded history of any relic in Poland. The Apostle is said to have used it to defend Christ in the Olive Garden.