For over a century, the residence of the Poznań archbishop served as the seat of the Primate: the head of the Polish Catholic Church. During the Partitions, the Primate and the Palace itself came to symbolise the fight for Polish identity. The building’s façade is adorned with the figures of Sts. Peter and Paul, the patron saints of both the Cathedral and the city of Poznań. These figures were once part of a Cathedral altar which no longer exists.