As an open city of opportunities, in the 16th and 17th centuries Poznań attracted followers of many faiths, with a prominent place among them claimed by Protestants from Silesia and Germany. In the second half of the 18th century, in line with the principle of equal rights among all denominations, the Protestants resolved to build a house of worship. Like its counterparts in Warsaw and Leszno, the building was rendered in the classicist-baroque style. Built with amazing flair and given a unique bright interior, the church came to symbolise the success of a community prepared to make sacrifices.
The values upheld by the Protestant community were evident within the church. The central location of the altar as well as the concentric layout of the pews around it underscored the importance of active participation in the liturgy by the community’s members. The altar’s location, which associated it with the pulpit and the organ above, emphasised the significance of the Word of God and music in the Evangelical church.
In 1945, the church was taken over by a Roman Catholic parish, which named it after the patron saint of a former church near Plac Kolegiacki that was shut down in the 17th century.