In the late 19th century, the city witnessed fierce competition within its burgeoning industry, underpinned by issues related to nationality. Living then under Prussian rule, Poles wanted to show, at all cost, that the products they made were just as good as those manufactured in leading western plants. Patriotism, the ability to generate a profit, and excellent product quality all came together in the works of Józef Zeyland, the owner of a steam-powered factory that produced carpentry and construction products and furniture. Zeyland employed the best Polish craftsmen to be found in Poznań, who made top-quality goods which were exported to Western Europe. The industrialist promoted Polish ownership of capital in the city by actively collaborating with the Industrial Society and Merchants’ Society. He also used his acclaimed products to promote Poznań at industrial trade fairs, with his goods earning him awards in Dresden and Lviv.