Brought by Poznań’s Bishop Andrzej Szołdrski in the first half of the 17th century, the Conventual Franciscans competed for followers with another branch of the Order known as the Bernardines. To encourage the faithful and inspire their imagination and religious spirit, the friars made use of the talents of Adam and Antoni Swach, authors of the remarkable paintings and ornamentation in the shrine. Since the 18th century, pilgrims from across Europe have streamed to the Church to pray in front of the miraculous painting “Virgin Mary the Miracle-worker – Our Lady of Poznań”. The painting is on display in the church’s left nave on a lavishly decorated altar. Thanks to the general popularity the Franciscans enjoyed with the burghers in Poznań and the rest of Poland throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, the friars managed to erect a monastery in Poznań at a prime location on Przemysł Hill, in the immediate vicinity of the Royal Castle. The elaborately sculpted stalls illustrate Antoni Szwach’s remarkable talent. A dragon, which was a symbol of despised evil, can be found at the foot of the entrance to them.