The Golden Chapel holds the remains of Poland’s first rulers. This 19th-century mausoleum was constructed at the initiative of Bishop Teofil Wolicki and Count Edward Raczyński. During Poland’s Partitions, which was a very challenging time for the Polish community, the Chapel reminded their compatriots of Poland’s charismatic rulers and the country’s past magnificence. Its architects spent long years pursuing their idea of building the chapel. Wolicki succeeded in swaying even the heads of the hostile states of Russia and Prussia to support the project. As a patron of the arts and a patriot, Raczyński put his heart and money into furnishing the chapel.