The Raczyński Library and the Bazar formed an important backdrop for the Emperor Frederick III Museum established in 1904. Its interiors featured a collection of paintings by Anastazy Raczyński brought there from Berlin. Reminiscent in shape of the Berlin arsenal, the Museum building housed an institution meant to promote German culture. It was perceived as an effective counterbalance for Poznań’s key Polish cultural institutions, the Raczyński Library and the Poznań Society of the Friends of Sciences. The Museum’s massive edifice was to eclipse the neighbouring Bazar and demonstrate the supremacy of German culture over “wild Polish forces”.
This role was also played by the highly symbolic artwork on the building’s façade and in its interiors. The National Museum of Poznań is one of Poland’s largest institutions of its kind. One of its key sections is the Painting and Sculpture Gallery, featuring invaluable collections of Polish, European and world art from periods ranging from antiquity to the modern day. The museum holds works by, among others, Olga Boznańska, Łukasz Cranach Starszy, Antoon van Dyck, Jacek Malczewski, Jan Matejko, Claude Monet, and Stanisław Wyspiański.